A detailed addendum for students of the muqaṭṭaʿāt
The case of kitāb at 27:1
The full presentation is found in video form both on my YouTube channel and on this site.
Note that conventions such
The question of the meaning of the mysterious letters in the Quran – known in Arabic as the muqaṭṭaʿāt – has both intrigued and frustrated Muslims since the time of the